G20-EDM DCSWG Dialogue Kicks off, First Step in Formulating Collective Commitments of G20 Countries to Overcome Environmental Problems and Climate Change

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Yogyakarta, 22 March 2022 – The environment and forestry sector kicks off the first G20 Environment Deputies Meeting and Climate Sustainability Working Group Meeting (1st G20 EDM-CSWG) on Monday (March 21). The G20 EDM-CSWG meeting was attended by 81 delegates from 20 member countries, 7 invited countries and 5 international organizations. This meeting is scheduled to take place from March 21—24, 2022 in Yogyakarta.

Ministry of Environment and Forestry’s Director General for Climate Change Control Laksmi Dwanthi and the D rectorate General for Pollution and Environmental Degradation Control Sigit Relianto as Co-Chairs of the G20 EDM-CSWG, expressed their sincere appreciation to all G20 members, invitees, international organizations who joined in person or virtually at the first day of the G20 EDM-CSWG Meeting.

The first day of the 1st EDM-CSWG meeting was a side event prior to the official opening of the 1st EDM-CSWG on Tuesday (March 22). During the side event, the Environment Deputies Meeting (EDM), dialogues themed Nature-Based Solutions and Ecosystem-Based Approaches for Water Management, Circular Cities, and Net Water Positive for Sustainable Water Development were held. The dialogue is divided into three sessions. First, world views and experiences in water management issues and problems, as well as their solutions. The second session discussed national experiences and best practices in implementing policies and raising awareness in water management. And the third session discussed identifying gaps & formulating solutions.

The Climate Sustainability Working Group (CSWG) dialogue which took place in parallel with the EDM dialogue, was divided into three sessions. The first session discussed the results of studies on economic inventories, social and environmental impacts of sustainable recovery including the impact of NDC implementation. The second session discussed the results of studies on ocean-based solutions to climate change through increased cooperation in science, research and innovation, and the third session discussed the results of studies on recommendations for innovative financial frameworks towards low GHG emissions and a future of climate resilience.

These studies serve as a supporting measure for priority issues of the Climate Sustainability Working Group (CSWG) as well as a basis for discussion for the preparation of Communiqué/ Ministerial level Declaration, with outputs including the following: Providing a comprehensive analysis in the implementation of the Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) target towards sustainable recovery; Providing a comprehensive analysis related to the role of co-benefit mitigation to promote a more sustainable climate recovery and resilience; Supporting global commitments in marine sector management in a sustainable manner including the preservation of coastal ecosystems; Encouraging cooperation between G20 countries in research, science, technology, and innovation for sea-based climate action towards climate resilience; Encouraging cooperation between G20 countries in increasing resource mobilization to support climate change control; Providing information to G20 countries regarding the potential of carbon pricing in supporting the implementation of NDCs and the transition to low emissions and climate resilience.

Laksmi Dwanthi in her remarks at the side event CSWG dialogue stated that Key elements and messages in the CSWG Workshop will be used in the 1st parallel session of EDM-CSWG to exercise commonalities, needs, and other relevant elements of G20 member countries as well as identify elements (building blocks) for the draft ministerial communiqué.

Meanwhile, on the same occasion, Sigit Relianto said that the topic chosen in the EDM dialogue this time would be a medium to strengthen the commitment and cooperation of G20 countries in implementing nature-based solutions and ecosystem-based approaches for water management, circular cities, and net water positive for sustainable water development.

“Water management must consider the impact of climate change. This should include knowledge, funding, economics, local community involvement, government and other national, regional and global institution support. The nature-based approach is believed to be able to build better water management,” he said.

Sigit added that water has become a global issue, starting from availability, access, and other issues. Climate change is also contributing to an increase in water problems from shortages to floods. In dealing with these problems, several countries have implemented water management including sustainable water management.

In general, the G20 EDM-CSWG meeting held in Yogyakarta carries three priority agendas, namely: First, to support a more sustainable recovery, in this case, to promote sustainable and environmentally sound economic development by maximizing the co-benefits of the Post-COVID-19 recovery program and the achievement of sustainable development goals.

Second, increasing land and sea-based actions to support environmental protection and climate change control objectives. In this regard, to emphasize the importance of the unique contribution of ecosystems to climate change mitigation and adaptation, as well as the blue economy.

Third, increasing the mobilization of resources to support environmental protection and climate change control objectives. In this case, to support the implementation of innovative financing mechanisms and mobilization of funding for nature, by attaching to the importance and role of the private sector.

In addition to the three main priority issues, the Indonesian government also carries out the mission of strengthening global cooperation to generate speed and concrete action on topics, such as: Post-2020 implementation of the global biodiversity framework; Ecosystem restoration that focuses on reducing land degradation and enhancing conservation, sustainable management and restoration of terrestrial habitats, specifically peatlands, mangroves and/or other unique ecosystems; Supporting global commitments to water resource management including sustainable lake management, watershed management, and water resource efficiency to achieve water security and support SDG’s No. 6 target; Creating sustainable and innovative financing to support the restoration of marine ecosystems; and Strengthening marine debris action plans and further actions for integrated protection of coastal and marine ecosystems from land and sea-based pollution with a particular focus on community involvement.

The three priority issues and the main missions of the EDM-CSWG will be discussed and formulated into a collective G20 commitment through the adoption of a G20 Ministers of Environment and Climate Change Communiqué as the main document of the results of the meeting. This Communiqué is planned to be adopted at the G20 Environment and Climate Change Ministerial Meeting to be held on August 31, 2022 in Bali, Indonesia.

The discussion of the substance and elements of the Communiqué will be held in three meetings at the level of Deputy/Director General of the G20 Members which will be held sequentially in Yogyakarta on March21 – 24, 2022; in Jakarta on June 19 – 21, 2022; and in Bali on August 29 – 30, 2022.

The series of EDM-CSWG meetings will not only be attended by G20 members. The Indonesian government also invited Spain as a permanent invitee country, the Netherlands, Singapore, Fiji, Belize, Senegal, Rwanda, and the United Arab Emirates. Fiji was invited as a representative of developing countries and archipelagic countries, while Belize, Senegal, Rwanda, as representatives of the progress of countries in the African continent. Apart from countries, a number of international organizations will also be involved in the EDM-CSWG meeting, including UNEP, FAO, IFAD, UNDP, and ASEAN.

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