Through the sherpa tracks, 11 working groups, 1 initiative group, and 10 engagement groups meets to discuss and provides recommendation on the G20 agenda and priorities
As part of the G20 decision-making process, the Working Groups, consist of experts and relevant ministries on each specific issues, are in charge of leading in-depth analysis of a range of internationally relevant issues
The G20 Agriculture Deputies Group was created in 2011 to support the preparation of the Agriculture Ministers Meeting. It has become an essential forum to strengthen cooperation on the issues of global food security, nutrition, sustainability and resilience of agricultural and food systems, and to address the need to promote the development of sustainable agriculture.
The Digital Economy Task Force, established in 2016, supports the work of the Ministers with competence on issues related to the digital economy and highlights the central role of digital transformation in the broader context of economic and social growth.
The Education Working Group examines the factors involved in facilitating or hindering the right to education and the achievement of higher education, also in the context of the pandemic.
The mandate of the Working Group on Employment (established in 2014) is to address the priority issues related to labour. The group elaborates shared guidelines aimed at promoting employment, improving working conditions and triggering economic environments able to foster strong, sustainable, balanced and inclusive growth. To this end, it promotes shared responsibility between stakeholders and develops policy principles and methodologies aimed at ensuring effective implementation of policies and programmes. The Group draws upon technical studies by ILO and the OECD and involves the B20 (employers), L20 (workers), W20 (women) and Y20 (young people) in its activities.
The Tourism Working Group was created in 2020 in consideration of the key role that the sector plays at the global level in terms of economic growth, job creation, preservation of natural and cultural resources and achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals. In the current context of the crisis generated by the COVID-19, the Group will focus its activities on the coordination and sharing of policies and measures to be taken for a rapid recovery of international tourism.
The Development Working Group (DWG) was created in 2010. It has become an essential forum to discuss and promote action on a broad range of issues directly affecting developing countries, especially low-income countries. In 2016, the G20 entrusted the DWG with coordinating and monitoring policy actions across all G20 countries related to the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
As the G20 members account for some 75% of global energy demand and thus hold a big responsibility and strategic role in pushing for cleaner energy for the future. The Energy Transitions Working Group focuses its work on energy security, access and efficiency and the transition to lower carbon energy systems including investment and innovation in cleaner and more efficient technologies.
ENVIRONMENT AND CLIMATE SUSTAINABILITY
The Environment and Climate Sustainability Working Group aim to pursue new inclusive and resilient models to accelerate the energy transition, green economy and environmental sustainability. To achieve this goal the working group will leverage not only on national public resources, but also global financial flows progressively aligned in support of the objectives of the Paris Agreement. Climate change adaptation, resilience and nature-based solutions are also central elements of this approach. It aims at combining emission reduction and adaptation, combating biodiversity loss, improving air quality and enhancing the energy efficiency in buildings with positive impacts on health and human well-being.
TRADE, INVESTMENT, AND INDUSTRY
The G20 Trade, Investment and Industry Working Group was established in 2016. The Group addresses the major issues related to trade and investments and strives to coordinate the action of the G20 countries to strengthen trade and investments worldwide.
The Anti-Corruption Working Group sets minimum common standards between the legal systems of the G20 countries, as a means to prevent and combat corruption. The Group has a varied and multidisciplinary composition.
Health threats are directly linked to one of the central objectives of the G20: ensuring economic stability and prosperity.
EMPOWER INITIATIVE AND WOMEN EMPOWERMENT
The G20 Alliance for the Empowerment and Progression of Women’s Economic Representation (G20 EMPOWER) is accelerating women’s leadership and empowerment in the private sector. It does so by leveraging its inclusive and action-orientated vision and its unique partnership model, as G20 EMPOWER is the sole G20 entity that brings together over 60 business leaders and governmental representatives to advance a common goal.
Launched during the 2019 G20 Summit in Japan and established during the G20 Saudi Presidency, G20 EMPOWER includes, to date, 28 Members, including G20 and guest countries as well as the European Union.
As part of G20 members commitment to consult relevant stakeholder communities, dialogue is being facilitated through the engagement groups, comprising non-government participants from each G20 member. These groups often draft recommendations to G20 governments that are taken into account by the G20 and contribute to the policy-making process.
The Business 20 (B20) is the representation of the business' voice of the G20. Established in 2010, the B20 is the first engagement group of the G20 and has served to provide practical policy recommendations from business viewpoint to the G20. Through promoting collaboration between the business and policymakers, the B20 has served the G20 leaders to make political decisions based on actual needs and global solutions.
Civil 20 (C20) is a platform for Civil Society Organizations around the world to bring forth the political dialogue with the G20. The Civil 20 process involves a wide variety of organizations and networks far beyond the G20 countries. The C20 committee acts as a liaison between civil society and policy makers in the G20, to ensure that people's voices can be conveyed more effectively and make the G20 Meetings more inclusive.
The C20 is organized in thematic Working Groups with two co-facilitators, one from the host country and one from the international civil society.
Established in 2017, the S20 is one of the youngest engagement groups of the G20. The S20 supports the G20 by fostering an official dialogue with the scientific community and is normally led by the national science academy of the host country. The core purpose of the S20 Engagement Group is to present policymakers with consensus-based recommendations for the chosen topics of interest. These science-driven recommendations are formulated through task forces comprising international experts. To support and guide the task forces, a sherpa is also appointed. Each task force focuses on one encompassing topic that is relevant to scientists, policymakers and society alike. Analogous to the G20, it has a non-permanent rotating secretariat and operates like a forum rather than as an organization.
The Think20 (T20) is the official engagement group of the G20, bringing together leading think tanks and research centers worldwide. It serves as the ‘ideas bank’ of the G20 and aims to provide research-based policy recommendations to the G20 leaders.
The Labour 20 (L20) convenes trade union leaders from the G20 countries, in representation of millions of workers worldwide. It contributes to the work of the G20 with analyses and policy recommendations aimed at improving labour-related issues. The L20 is convened by the International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC) and Trade Union Advisory Committee to the OECD (TUAC) working in tandem with trade union confederations in the host country.
Women20 (W20) is an official G20 engagement group forming a transnational network of women’s organizations, female entrepreneurs associations and think tanks, established in 2015. The main goal of Women20 is to promote the adoption of G20 commitment documents that involve issues of women's development, gender equality, inclusive growth, and women's cooperation in the international economic sector.
The Urban 20 (U20) was launched in 2017 to provide space for cities to engage in the G20. It aims to facilitate lasting engagement between the G20 and cities, raise the profile of urban issues in the G20 agenda, and establish a forum for cities to develop a collective message and perspective to inform G20 negotiations. The U20 focuses on climate change and the nexus with the Sustainable Development Goals, and is convened by C40 Cities and United Cities and Local Governments (UCLG).
The Youth 20 (Y20) is the official youth engagement group of the G20 that allows young people to express their visions and ideas to the Heads of State and Government of the G20. Y20 is a discussion platform for young people across G20 to have a dialogue, negotiate, and come up with solutions to the world’s most pressing issues. Annually, the Y20 hands over a policy recommendation to the G20 heads of state and heads of government through a document called the Y20 Communique.
The G20 Parliament Speakers Summit or also known as Parliamentary 20 (P20), is a forum attended by the parliament speakers from G20 countries that aims to bring a parliamentary dimension to global governance, raising awareness of and building political support for international commitments and helping to make sure that these are translated effectively into national realities.
SUPREME AUDIT INSTITUTIONS 20
Supreme Audit Institutions (SAI20) is a new engagement group that provides the forum for supreme audit institutions from the G20 countries to promote cooperation in strengthening transparency and accountability among the G20 countries.